Subject (Personal) Pronouns in Slovenian

SlovenianSlovenian A1

Welcome to our Slovenian grammar course for beginners! Today we`re going to talk about the Subject Pronouns.

Subject or Personal pronouns (Osebni zaimki) in Slovenian are quite important and are used in a variety of contexts. They are used when the pronoun is the subject of a sentence. The also replace nouns to avoid repetition, they help to identify the participants in a conversation or we use them to point to an object without naming it. The pronouns also contain information about case, number and gender of the subject.

Slovenian personal pronouns have the following forms:


Jaz (I)
Used when you want to refer to yourself.
For example:
"Jaz grem v kino." (I go to the cinema).

Ti (You, singular informal)
Used when addressing someone familiarly.
For instance:
"Ti si moja prijateljica." (You are my friend).

On / Ona / Ono (He / She / It)
Used for he, she, or it respectively.
"Ona igra nogomet." (He plays football).


Midva / Midve (We two / We two feminine)
When you and another person are included and one of you are man, use "Midva." Use "Midve" if you talk only about women.
For example:
"Midva greva v gledališče." (We two go to the theater).

Vidva / Vidve (You two, informal / You two feminine)
If you`re addressing two people familiarly, you can use "Vidva." Using "Vidve" means that two people are women.
"Vidva sta zelo smešna." (You two are very funny).

Onadva / Onidve (They two / They two feminine)
Use "Onadva" when talking about at least one male, "Onidve" for only two females.
"Onadva igrata košarko." (They two play basketball).


Mi / Me (We / We all feminine)
Refers to a group including yourself.
"Mi gremo na izlet." (We go on a trip).

Vi / Ve (You, plural or formal / You all feminine)
Used for addressing more than one person or someone formally.
"Vi ste zelo prijazni." (You are very kind).

Oni / One / Ona (They / They all feminine / They all neuter)
Refers to a group of males, females, or mixed gender respectively.
"Oni so dobri prijatelji." (They are good friends).


At the end of the article, let`s provide all the forms of the subject pronouns based on cases.

Nominative (kdo, kaj - what, who)
Jaz (I)
Ti (You)
On, ona, ono (He, she, it)
Midva, midve (We two)
Vidva, vidve (You two)
Onadva, onidve (They two)
Mi, me (We, us - only for feminine gender)
Vi, ve (You, you - only for feminine gender)
Oni, One, Ona (They, they - only for feminine gender, they - only for neuter gender)

Genitive (koga, česa - what, whom)
Mene (Me)
Tebe (You)
Njega, nje (Him, her)
Naju (Us two)
Vaju (You two)
Ju (Them two)
Nas (Us)
Vas (You)
Jih (Them)

Dative (komu, čemu - to what, to whom)
Meni (Me)
Tebe (You)
Njemu, njej (Him, her)
Nama (Us two)
Vama (You two)
Jima (Them two)
Nam (Us)
Vam (You)
Jim (Them)

Accusative (koga, kaj - what, whom)
Mene (Me)
Tebe (You)
Njega, njo (Him, her)
Naju (Us two)
Vaju (You two)
Ju (Them two)
Nas (Us)
Vas (You)
Jih (Them)

Instrumental (s kom, s čim - with whom, with what)
Z menoj / Z mano (With me)
Z teboj / Z tabo (With you)
Z njim, Z njo (With him, with her)
Z nama (With us two)
Z vama (With you two)
Z njima (With them two)
Z nami (With us)
Z vami (With you)
Z njimi (With them)

Locative (o kom, o čem - about whom, about what)
O meni (About me)
O tebi (About you)
O njem, pri njej (About him, about her)
O naju (About us two)
O vaju (About you two)
O njiju (About them two)
O nas (About us)
O vas (About you)
O njih (About them)

These subject pronouns give life to your sentences and help you express who`s taking action. But remember, verbs and pronouns in Slovenian are good friends, so they can change based on the verb tense and the overall sentence structure. Try constructing sentences using these subject pronouns. Good Luck!