Prepositional Case in Croatian
⋙ Croatian A1
Welcome to our Croatian course for beginners! Today we`re going to talk about Prepositional.
We recommend that you read our previous articles about other cases if you haven`t already done that.
The Prepositional case
, or "Lokativ
" in Croatian, is one of the seven grammatical cases used in the Croatian language. This case primarily indicates location or position and is often associated with prepositions. Nouns and adjectives in this case answer the questions `o kom?
` (about whom?), `o čem?
` (about what?) and `gdje?
` (where?). It is used in sentences when we describe the place, time of an event, or specify its topic. The prepositions that go with the Prepositional case are: na
(on, in), o
To form the Prepositional case, you typically take the nominative form of a noun and apply specific endings, depending on the gender and number of the noun.
For masculine nouns ending in a consonant, you often add "-u
" for singular nouns and "-ima
" for plural nouns.
For feminine nouns ending in "-a
," you generally add "-i
" for singular nouns and "-ama
" for plural nouns.
For neuter nouns ending in "-o
," the Prepositional case often coincides with the nominative form.
Let`s look at examples in the singular:
Mojoj sestri - (about) my sister (f.)
Polarnoj zvijezdi - (about) the polar star (f.)
Dobroj stvari - (about) a good thing (f.)
Mojem rječniku - (about) my dictionary (m.)
Dobrom konju - (about) a good horse (m.)
Novom autu - (about) a new car (m.)
Velikom selu - (about) a big village (n.)
Zelenom polju - (about) a green field (n.)
Perhaps this case is one of the most predictable. Feminine gender - endings of adjectives `-oj
,` nouns `-i
,` masculine and neuter gender - endings of adjectives `-om
,` nouns `-u
.` Additionally, you can notice that the forms of nouns in the Prepositional case and the Dative case are the same; the difference can be seen only in adjectives.
Now let`s see what happens in the plural form of the prepositional case:
Mojim sestrama - (about) my sisters (f.)
Polarnim zvijezdama - (about) polar stars (f.)
Dobrim stvarima - (about) good things (f.)
Mojim rječnicima - (about) my dictionaries (m.)
Dobrim konjima - (about) good horses (m.)
Novim autima - (about) new cars (m.)
Velikim selima - (about) big villages (n.)
Zelenim poljima - (about) green fields (n.)
In the Prepositional case, the plural forms for all genders coincide with the plural forms of the Instrumental case.
The Prepositional case is primarily used to indicate location or position. It answers the questions "gdje?
" (where?) or "o čemu?
" (about what?). For example:
"Ja sam u gradu." (I am in the city.)
"Pričam o knjigama." (I am talking about books.)
It is also used with specific prepositions to convey various relationships, such as "u
" (in), "na
" (on), "o
" (about), "kod
" (at), and more.
"Sjedim na stolici." (I am sitting on a chair.)
"Govorimo o budućnosti." (We are talking about the future.)
In summary, the Prepositional case in Croatian is primarily used to indicate location, position, and relationships.
That`s it. We hope that our lessons have allowed you to get an understanding of how cases work in the Croatian language. Good luck in learning Croatian and see you.